I do not know the immediate consequences of the church trial. Her oldest daughter seems to have left Ohio shortly after graduating, and later documents note her places of residence as including both Oklahoma and Texas. She does not seem to have ever married. Her two youngest children are buried with her; their names are inscribed on the opposite side of the marker.
I promised that this was the story of two Wellington women, and in fact, the history of the Wellington Seminary lies mostly with the second. Eliza was the daughter of Asa and Lydia Deland Hamilton Asa was born in Vermont, Lydia in Massachusetts. By the early s, the young couple was living in Sheridan, New York, and it is there that Eliza was born in Shortly after her birth, the family moved again to recently settled Wellington, Ohio.
Asa Hamilton was an interesting character. Eliza Hamilton, then twenty-five, had no profession listed. But that was soon to change. The symbol atop the stone is that of the Royal Arch Masons. The Hamiltons and the Adams family were neighbors. Their properties in the northeast quadrant of the village abutted, precisely in the area where Adams and Hamilton Streets are today.
Eliza and her mother, Lydia, are listed in Wellington Corporation tax records as owning multiple parcels of land, with multiple structures, in the block between what are now Hamilton and Clay Streets. When Mary Ann Adams decided if the decision was hers to relinquish control of the newly formed seminary, it may have seemed to Eliza Hamilton like an opportunity too good to be missed. It appears that Gideon Adams retained ownership of the land and building for some time.
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Hamilton owned the lot until , when she sold it to the village to be incorporated into the public school system. In every published instance save one that I have found, it is referred to as a seminary. However, I found a reference in a brief biographical sketch of Wellington resident Lucius E. There are newspaper references to another school, taught by Mary H. What are we to make of this? Was the Wellington Seminary exclusively for females under the guidance of Mary Ann Adams, coming as she was from a decade of female education?
Did the school begin to accept young men when Hamilton took over?
The evidence of the two male biographies would seem to support that theory. Why then was the school continually referred to as the Female Seminary, as late as , shortly before it closed its doors?
In the absence of further evidence, we may never know. Wellington moved to reorganize its public school system during the Civil War. Regardless, his efforts failed, the tax levy was passed, and by the village had a modern, three-story brick Italianate housing its upper grades, the Union School.
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Sadly, that very building is being demolished as I write this. That was the end of the fifteen-year history of the Wellington Seminary. Hamilton continued to teach, offering private classes in her own home. She remained in Wellington until nearly the end of her life, when she briefly moved closer to her brother in Pennsylvania.
They died one month apart in Over the course of and , The Wellington Enterprise published a series of short notices which, taken together, explain the fate of the seminary structure. He moved it across the street onto a lot adjacent to his own house. He then renovated the structure and turned it into a residence.
I argued in a post, linked above, that the home which currently sits at Adams Street is, at its core, the seminary. Learn more Check out.
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Password Changed Successfully Your password has been changed. Returning user. Cardozo, was a native of the city, born in to a white father and his slave. Educated in the North and abroad, Cardozo became an important political figure in Reconstruction South Carolina. The first letter provides a character reference for Louisa Alexander, while also underscoring the personal connections between Oberlinians and the executives of the American Missionary Association; the second letter communicates Louisa Alexander's eagerness to leave for Charleston see Document 12B.
The last letter, evidently written to Samuel Hunt, the A. Superintendent of Education, hints at misunderstandings over race, education, and the placement of A. Miss L. Alexander desires testimonials to you from me, I am happy in giving them, for in the many years I have known her as a pupil and a citizen of this place, I have never known any thing but good. Her deportment has always been correct, dignified, discreet, her spirit chastened, and docile and sweet free from the suspicion and sharpness that the oppressions of her people have been calculated to engender.
She is a good scholar , has taught many terms, and with success, as I have supposed. She is not a member of the Church , but thinks she was converted about 5 years ago. Her mother is a member of the First Cong.